Insights into the Gurkhas' history and commitment to the British Army. British Military History All Votes Add Books To This List.  The programme will also contribute to extending the life of the UGM-133 Trident II ballistic missiles and modernise the infrastructure associated with the CASD.. This saw Britain engage in a number of intense conflicts over colonial possessions and world trade, including a long string of Anglo-Spanish and Anglo-Dutch wars, as well as a series of "world wars" with France, such as; the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802) and the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). , Excluding the Brigade of Gurkhas and the Royal Irish Regiment, as of 1 April 2014 there are approximately 11,200 Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) persons serving as Regulars across the three service branches; of those, 6,610 were recruited from outside the United Kingdom. Trident is operated by the Royal Navy Submarine Service, charged with delivering a 'Continuous At-Sea Deterrent' (CASD) capability, whereby one of the Vanguard-class strategic submarines is always on patrol. British Military History The basic unit of the Army is the regiment under a colonel or lieutenant colonel. Facebook; Twitter; The Head of the Armed Forces is the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, to whom members of the forces swear allegiance. There are four operational roles that infantry battalions can fulfil: air assault, armoured infantry, mechanised infantry, and light role infantry. Unsophisticated Beginnings of British Military Music. The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. It then went on to be disbanded in 1929. I am a private individual, and welcome financial support to maintain and develop the website. Visit the Role finder to explore they types of role on offer. Modern infantry have diverse capabilities and this is reflected in the varied roles assigned to them. I hope that people researching their family history, military historians and others wishing to know more about British Army and British Indian Army during the Second World War will find this web-site informative and useful. 138,040 Regular service personnel were stationed in the United Kingdom, the majority located in the South East and South West of England with 37,520 and 36,790 Regular service personnel, respectively. The British Army would not formally exist, however, for another 46 years, as Scotland and England remained two independent states, each with its own Army. I was awarded a Master of Arts degree in British Military History (Second World War Studies) at the University of Birmingham in December 2015. The three constituent single-service committees (Admiralty Board, Army Board and Air Force Board) are chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. British Military History is the online resource covering British Army, British Indian Army and Britain’s Allies. Today, the military works to stop terrorist threats abroad so they cannot cause destruction at […] The English Bill of Rights (1689) gave Parliament the control of the army that it maintains today.  In August 2011, it was announced that a female lieutenant commander, Sarah West, was to command the frigate HMS Portland. Bickington The British Army Military Book of the Year (#BAMBY) is the Army's own annual literary prize. , Since the year 2000, sexual orientation has not been a factor considered in recruitment, and homosexuals can serve openly in the armed forces. The history of the British Army spans over three and a half centuries since its founding in 1660 and involves numerous European wars, colonial wars and The British Army came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. Exercise Steppe Eagle 2018 was held for the first time in the United States. British military music was unsophisticated until the Crusades (from the late 11 th century). , With Britain's old rivals no-longer a threat, the nineteenth century saw the emergence of a new rival, the Russian Empire, and a strategic competition in what became known as The Great Game for supremacy in Central Asia.  This entailed the armed forces often constituting a major component in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions under the auspices of the United Nations, NATO, and other multinational operations, including: peacekeeping responsibilities in the Balkans and Cyprus, the 2000 intervention in Sierra Leone and participation in the UN-mandated no-fly zone over Libya (2011).  The most significant of these are the "Permanent Joint Operating Bases" (PJOBs), located on the four overseas territories of Cyprus (British Forces Cyprus), Gibraltar (British Forces Gibraltar), the Falkland Islands (British Forces South Atlantic Islands) and Diego Garcia (British Forces British Indian Ocean Territories). Oftentimes, these will act in conjunction with a larger tri-service effort, such as the UK Joint Rapid Reaction Force, or along with like-minded allies under the UK Joint Expeditionary Force.  For comparisons sake, this sees Britain spending more in absolute terms than France, Germany, India or Japan, a similar amount to that of Russia, but less than China, Saudi Arabia or the United States. Hicks proved them wrong. In May 1945, British troops began occupying and administering a ruined country. I use a variety of sources, having about 1,000 books and documents in my library. , As Sovereign and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II is Head of the Armed Forces and their Commander-in-Chief. A History of the British Army Until 1660, England had no standing army, when conflict threatened local lords and the Government would raise militias and form together into an army.  In 2018, women were allowed to apply for all roles in the British military, including the special forces. The army began as a permanent organization in 1660.  Perhaps the most important conflict during the Cold War, at least in the context of British defence policy, was the Falklands War (1982).. British Military History is the online resource covering British Army, British Indian Army and Britain’s Allies. Armoured regiments are equivalent to an infantry battalion. The brigade, which was 3,430 strong as of 1 April 2019, draws its heritage from Gurkha units that originally served in the British Indian Army prior to Indian independence, and prior to that served for the East India Company. Some First World War veterans continued to serve with the army after the war and for the records of these soldiers you may need to read the advice in our guide to British Army soldiers in service after 1918.However, many of the records in the First World War collections cover service up to 1920.  In July 2016, it was announced that women would be allowed to serve in close combat, starting with the Royal Armoured Corps. All branches of the forces have actively recruited at Gay Pride events. Tensions continue between Japan, China and Korea that date from this period, and the origins of the Permanent Five members of the Security Council, and the European Convention on Human Rights, are other legacies of this global conflict. In 2010, the governments of the United Kingdom and France signed the Lancaster House Treaties which committed both governments to the creation of a Franco-British Combined Joint Expeditionary Force.  Britain feared that Russian expansionism in the region would eventually threaten the Empire in India. The documents are written in a style that I hope readers will find interesting and informative. ADDRESS British Military History 68, Lower Cross Road Bickington BARNSTAPLE Devon EX31 2PJ United Kingdom . The history of the Brigade from its inception during the early wars between the Honorable East India Company and city-state of Gorkha, through the early Afghan wars, the two World Wars, the almost continuous post-war conflicts to modern day Afghanistan 68, Lower Cross Road  By the mid-1970s, the armed forces had reconfigured to focus on the responsibilities allocated to them by NATO. In addition to the aerial campaign, the British Army has trained and supplied allies on the ground and the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Service, and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment (British special forces) has carried out various missions on the ground in both Syria and Iraq. , With the Acts of Union 1707, the armed forces of England and Scotland were merged into the armed forces of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Saratoga was a battle that should never have been fought. I value constructive comments or feedback, as this process improves knowledge and understanding. Answer: Tommy Atkins There are numerous different stories as to who was Tommy Atkins ranging from a rebellion in Jamaica in 1743, to a brave dying soldier revered by Wellington at the Battle of Boxtel in 1794, to the Indian Mutiny, and to the casual use of this name in the specimen forms and regulations in British Army handbooks. Died of Injuries or Accidents – 18,735 In total, Black and Minority Ethnic persons represent 7.1% of all service personnel, an increase from 6.6% in 2010. The Ministry of Defence maintains a number civilian agencies in support of the British Armed Forces. The Astute class are the most advanced and largest fleet submarines ever built for the Royal Navy, and will maintain Britain's nuclear-powered submarine fleet capabilities for decades to come. As of 1 April 2014, there were approximately 15,840 women serving in the armed forces, representing 9.9% of all service personnel. Defence Reviews, such as those in 1957 and 1966, announced significant reductions in conventional forces, the pursuement of a doctrine based on nuclear deterrence, and a permanent military withdrawal East of Suez. , The British Armed Forces together with Kazakhstan's Peacekeeping Battalion KAZBAT and U.S. Army Central conduct regular Exercise Steppe Eagle. From the later Middle Ages until the English Civil War, when a foreign expeditionary force was needed, such as the one that Henry V of England took to France and that fought at the Battle of Agincourt(1415), the army, a professional one, was raised for the duration of the e…  The minimum recruitment age is 16 years (although personnel may not serve on armed operations below 18 years, and if under 18 must also have parental consent to join); the maximum recruitment age depends whether the application is for a regular or reserve role; there are further variations in age limit for different corps/regiments. Dreadnoughts, torpedoes and submarines), and in 1906, Britain had determined that its only likely naval enemy was Germany. Although Germany had been defeated during the First World War, by 1933 fascism had given rise to Nazi Germany, which under the leadership of Adolf Hitler re-militarised in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles.  Within the United Kingdom, operational and non-deployable units are administered by two divisions, Force Troops Command, and London District. The United Kingdom is one of five recognised nuclear weapon states under the Non-Proliferation Treaty and maintains an independent nuclear deterrent, currently consisting of four Vanguard-class ballistic missile submarines, UGM-133 Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and 160 operational thermonuclear warheads.  Frontline aircraft are controlled by Air Command, which is organised into five groups defined by function: 1 Group (Air Combat), 2 Group (Air Support), 11 Group (Air and Space operations), 22 Group (training aircraft and ground facilities) and 38 Group (Royal Air Force's Engineering, Logistics, Communications and Medical Operations units). The focus is on the British Army, the pre-partition Indian Army (also known as the British Indian Army) and those of the Dominions (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa). This is a guide to the records of British Army soldiers who served in the First World War.  A large Royal Navy Naval Support Facility (NSF) is located in Bahrain, established in 2016 it marks the British return East of Suez. Memories fade and life moves on, but, just two generations back in history, the world was engulfed in a war of savage and brutal proportions. England’s first standing army was formed by Oliver Cromwell in 1645. The Submarine Service's four Vanguard-class nuclear-powered submarines carry Lockheed Martin's Trident II ballistic missiles, forming the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent. The British Armed Forces, also known as Her Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.They also promote the UK's wider interests, support international peacekeeping efforts and provide humanitarian aid.. History. This is particularly the case in the Middle East and Far East. Died of Disease as Prisoners of War – 6,319 Overseas garrisons and training facilities are maintained at Ascension Island, Bahrain, Belize, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, Brunei, Canada, Cyprus, the Falkland Islands, Germany, Gibraltar, Kenya, Montserrat, Nepal, Qatar, Singapore and the United States. Post-September 11, the armed forces have been heavily committed to the War on Terror (2001–present), with lengthy campaigns in Afghanistan (2001–present) and Iraq (2003–2009), and more recently as part of the Military intervention against ISIL (2014–present). I am a Friend of National Archives, and visit regularly. The Surface Fleet has been structured around a single fleet since the abolition of the Eastern and Western fleets in 1971. Seven Astute-class nuclear-powered attack submarines have been ordered, with three completed and four under construction.  In support of the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA), the United Kingdom retains a naval repair and logistics support facility at Sembawang wharf, Singapore. The British Armed Forces include standing forces, Regular Reserve, Volunteer Reserves and Sponsored Reserves. This three month period is to allow for any follow up correspondence. This website covers the British Army and British Indian Army before, during and after the Second World War, in the time period from 1930 to 1956. 2 YORKS are the spearhead the British Army’s Enhanced Light Force Battalion concept.  By 1815 and the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars, Britain had risen to become the world's dominant great power and the British Empire subsequently presided over a period of relative peace, known as Pax Britannica. The history of the British Army spans over three and a half centuries since its founding in 1660 and involves numerous European wars, colonial wars and world wars. 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